Wednesday, October 26, 2016


Fr Sosa Abascal was born in Caracas entering the Society of Jesus in 1966 and was ordained a decade late

At the death of RudolphKing of Western Francia, in 936, Hugh was in possession of nearly all of the region between the Loire and the Seine, corresponding to the ancient Neustria, with the exceptions of Anjou and of the territory ceded to the Normans in 911.[6] He took a very active part in bringing Louis IV (d'Outremer) from theKingdom of England in 936.[7] In 937 Hugh married Hedwige of Saxony, a daughter of Henry the Fowler ofGermany and Matilda, and soon quarrelled with Louis.[8]
In 938 King Louis IV began attacking fortresses and lands formerly held by members of his family, some held by Herbert II of Vermandois.[9] In 939 king Louis attacked Hugh the Great and William I, Duke of Normandy, after which a truce was concluded lasting until June.[10] That same year Hugh, along with Herbert II of Vermandois,Arnulf I, Count of Flanders and Duke William Longsword paid homage to the Emperor Otto the Great, and supported him in his struggle against Louis.[11] When Louis fell into the hands of the Normans in 945, he was handed over to Hugh in exchange for their young duke Richard.[12] Hugh released Louis IV in 946 on condition that he should surrender the fortress of Laon.[13] In 948 at a church council at Ingelheim the bishops, all but two being from Germany, condemned and excommunicated Hugh in absentia, and returned Archbishop Artauld to his See at Reims.[14] Hugh's response was to attack Soissons and Reims while the excommunication was repeated by a council at Trier.[14] Hugh finally relented and made peace with Louis IV, the church and his brother-in-lawOtto the Great.[14]
On the death of Louis IV, Hugh was one of the first to recognize Lothair as his successor, and, at the intervention of Queen Gerberga, was instrumental in having him crowned.[14] In recognition of this service Hugh was invested by the new king with the duchies of Burgundy and Aquitaine.[15] In the same year, however, Giselbert, duke of Burgundy, acknowledged himself his vassal and betrothed his daughter to Hugh's son Otto-Henry.[15] On 16 June 956 Hugh the Great died in Dourdan.[1]


Hugh married first, in 922, Judith, daughter of Roger Comte du Maine & his wife Rothilde.[1] She died childless in 925.[1]
Hugh's second wife was Eadhild, daughter of Edward the Elder, king of the Anglo-Saxons, and sister of KingÆthelstan.[1] They married in 926 and she died in 938, childless.[1]
Hugh's third wife was Hedwig of Saxony, daughter of Henry the Fowler and Matilda. She and Hugh had:
  •  We specialize in finding very hard to find Viking-age sites. ... is the only known site established by Vikings in North America, according to its World ... associated with prominent settlers such as Erik the Redand Leif Erikson”

In 1940 (the 300th anniversary of Portugal's regaining its independence), a leading Spanish magazine wrote (threatened?) that: "it was God's will that the two countries be reunited again." This anecdotal incident reflected much of Spanish anxiety over Portuguese "neutrality" and possible cooperation with the British. In April 1941, President Roosevelt declared that the Portuguese possession of the Azores lay in the "Western Hemisphere," implying that they came under the protection of the American "Monroe Doctrine." Their significance for the American and British navies in combating the German U-boat threat was essential. Franco maintained a strict neutrality, and even permitted thousands of Spanish volunteers to serve with the German Army in a special "Blue Division" to fight communist Russia (5,000 were killed and missing in combat on the Eastern Front).
The Portuguese, however, knew where their most vital interests lay and by June 1943 the British formally invoked their ancient alliance with Portugal, requesting the use of airfields on the islands. Portugal agreed. Following the war, Portugal was an honored ally - a founding member of NATO in 1949 - whereas Spain under Franco remained a pariah state for another decade and was not even admitted to the United Nations until 1955

The new Portuguese king, Manuel, who came to the throne in 1494, was an opportunist like his father, King John II, and like Pharaoh was reluctant to let the Jews leave the country. Portugal, with its scarce population of just one million, even prevented many Jews, especially children, from leaving, and instead used them as forced colonists in the Cape Verde Islands. Spanish suspicions lingered that this converso population was still being used to further Portuguese separatism and even extend Portuguese power in spite of the dynastic alliance and marriage that the Spanish Catholic monarchs had hoped would cement Portugal into becoming its permanent vassal. Portugal had to take heed of the now more powerful, united, much larger Spain that had just conquered Granada.
Portuguese records show that the approximately 120,000 Jews legally crossing the frontier in 1492 before the expiration of the official eight-months deadline had to pay a fee of eight cruzeiros each. King Manuel I changed the planned edict of expulsion to one of forced conversion in May 1497, and granted legal residence to 630 of the wealthiest and most talented Spanish-Jewish families. The exploitation of this elite was clearly an opportunistic move by the Portuguese king to take maximum advantage of the expulsion.

The Friesian (also Frizian) is a horse breed originating in Friesland, in the Netherlands. ... characteristic; Friesians are occasionally chestnut as some bloodlines do carry the "red" ('e") gene
Frisia is the traditional homeland of the Frisians, a Germanic people who ... who were closely related to the Lombard royal family of Italy

Holstein Friesians are a breed of dairy cattle originating from the Dutch provinces of North ... Holsteins have distinctive markings, usually black and white or red and white in color. ..... The hair coat colour change became known as Black/Red and sometimes as Telstar/Red,

Bascal definition. some one really wild and crazy like a rascal but even more crazy who is all jacked up on mountain dew and wakes up in alaska b*tt naked with ..

Saint Arthur of Glastonbury (died November 15, 1539), according to some French sources, was an English Roman Catholic faithful in the sixteenth century. He was martyred during the period of King Henry VIII's suppression of the Catholic Church